In 1680, physicist Giovanni Borelli attempts to recycle his own breathing air.
I assume that the date cited is the date of the print, as Borelli died in 1679 at the age of 71.
according to Wikipedia:
Borelli is also considered to be the first man to consider a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus along with his early submarine design. The exhaled gas was cooled by sea water after passing through copper tubing. The helmet was brass with a glass window and 0.6 m (2 ft) in diameter. The apparatus was never likely to be used or tested.
from the vast and fascinating NOAA Photo Library